When it comes to social gatherings, sometimes involving alcohol may more or less be involved to spice things up and help others relax. Unfortunately, others may have the tendency to drive home while intoxicated for a variety of reasons, and this can pose significant health risks. Here are things about drunk driving you should know:

According to the World Health Organization, many accident cases are in fact highly attributed to the effects of alcohol in the body. Given how a substance has the potential to cause this much damaging, it can be dreadful to realize how there are 1.25 million deaths in vehicle crashes annually and how 3,400 people die of them everyday. Understanding just what you need to know about drunk driving can help put things into perspective.


Alcohol: A Very Brief Background

Alcohol is a term used to describe “ethanol or ethyl alcohol,” which is a liquid that is created through the reaction between yeast and sugar. However, in a more colloquial sense, it can describe drinks such as whiskey, wine, and/or beer that can make people drunk.

  • If you’ve ever drunk alcohol, or if you’re curious to the effects of alcohol in general, it’s that alcohol can be stimulating or depressing in nature, depending on how much you’ve consumed. This is counted through the blood alcohol concentration (BAC) statistic, which can be measured by tools such as the breathalyzer. It’s through the BAC that drivers are tested against when they are caught and are thought to be consuming alcohol or other illicit drugs.
  • BAC is an indicator of drunk driving because alcohol at low BACs can still affect people in a profound way. In fact, the WHO data suggests that BAC counts of over 0.05 grams of alcohol per 100 milliliters of blood can actually increase the immediate risk of a car crash by up to 40 times as much versus to not actually having drunk any alcohol at all.

Alcohol and Driving: Drunk Driving Risks

When it comes to drunk driving, it’s important to understand just how risky alcohol is to drivers in the first place before fully understanding its impact and effects on the driver’s driving capacity.

  • It’s important to understand that alcohol can cause impairments to the driver because it eventually leads to reduced visual acuity and vigilance, increases reaction speed, and poor judgment. It also depresses respiration and the consciousness, and lowers blood pressure. At some levels of consumption, alcohol can also have anaesthetic and analgesic properties.
  • In terms of driving, alcohol can also affect speed choice, helmet use, observance of safety regulations, and even risk taking.
  • In terms of the accident itself, victims of accidents that have consumed alcohol, including drivers, are still checked for alcohol levels because certain complications can arise when alcohol is in the body during an accident. For instance, aspects of intoxication can be similar to head injury symptoms, intoxicated people may not be able to report tenderness and pain, alcohol might have an effect with particular medications, and intoxication can affect aspects of surgery.


Remember, when it comes to drunk driving, always remember that there are rules imposed to drivers that are strict not because the law is a killjoy, but rather it needs to make sure everyone is safe. This isn’t to say that drinking everywhere should be banned, but be banned in moderation. Click here to learn more about your legal options regarding the situation.